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What's New In Robotics?  08.11.2019

Emmet Cole
by Emmet Cole on Nov 8, 2019, 7:01:00 AM

Good morning.  In this week's news mix: cobots take on cluttered environments, NISSAN explores human-robot collaboration and MD Logistics reaps benefits of mobile cobots.  We also marvel at how "tough love" improves robot's grip, wonder about the effect on humans of treating robots badly, meet a sea urchin-inspired bot and much more! 

Cobots & manufacturing

Using a cobot from Universal Robots fitted with a Robotiq gripper, engineers at the University of Leeds have created an ingenious system that enables cobots to learn physics-based object manipulation in cluttered environments.  Their approach, which combines automated planning with machine learning, allows the cobot to generalize based on existing knowledge and to plan ahead using a physics simulator.

Via The Engineer:

"[...] cobots aren’t very good at what humans do very well: being highly mobile and dexterous. Those physical skills have been hardwired into the human brain, the result of evolution and the way we practise and practise and practise. And that is an idea that we are applying to the next generation of robots,” [said Dr Matteo Leonetti, from the university’s School of Computing.]

Asian Robotics Review has released a free 63-page report on automation in Southeast Asia.  With country-by-country analysis and insights from leading experts on robotics in the region, this is a must-read for anyone interested in one of the world's fastest growing automation markets.

Car giant NISSAN is exploring the benefits of human-robot collaboration for door assembly tasks.  It's all part of the European Union-funded Sharework Project, which is tasked with a developing "a Europe-wide smart modular solution" for collaborative production.  New video about the project was released on Tuesday...


On Wednesday, Amazon announced plans to invest more than USD40 million to develop a new state-of-the-art robotics site in Westborough, MA, U.S.A. The new 32,516.05 square metre (350,000 square feet) facility will operate in addition to Amazon Robotics’ current site in North Reading, MA, and together they will form the company’s "epicenter of robotics innovation."   (H/T SupplyChainDive)

Meanwhile, supply chain solutions provider MD Logistics has seen increased efficiencies in their retail and consumer goods facility following the successful integration of mobile cobots from 6 River Systems...

 

Elsewhere...

USC computer scientists have found that showing robots some "tough love" can improve grasping performance.  In a computer-simulated manipulation task, the researcher's "human-as-adversary" model achieved a 52% grasping success rate compared to a 28% grasping success rate in other scenarios...

Study co-author Stefanos Nikolaidis told USC Viterbi School of Engineering:

“Picture it like playing a sport: if you’re playing tennis with someone who always lets you win, you won’t get better. Same with robots. If we want them to learn a manipulation task, such as grasping, so they can help people, we need to challenge them.”

But before you dash off to give your robot a performance enhancing kick, consider this article from The Conversation, published Wednesday.  (It's by the authors of a recent paper entitled 'Could Social Robots Make Us Kinder or Crueller to Humans and Animals?' which suggests that "there is some reason for thinking that social robots may causally affect virtue, especially in terms of the moral development of children and responses to nonhuman animals [with] implications for future robot design and interaction.") 

Meanwhile, the U.S. Army announced that it has selected General Dynamics Land Systems to produce up to 624 robotic mules under its 'Small Multipurpose Equipment Transports' (SMET) program.  The contract is worth USD162.4 million.

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First deliveries of the robotic mule are expected in Q2, 2021.  Credit: Sgt. Thomas Scaggs

Defence Blog reports:

The robotic mule is designed to reduce soldiers’ load by carrying their weapons and supplies in the field. According to Army’s officials, new SMET’s basic operational capabilities will include unmanned and optionally manned system, also the new system will carry 1,000 lbs., reducing soldier weight burden by 100-plus pounds each when in support of a rifle squad.

  • To move as fast as animals, robots will need to get softer (C4ISRNET)
  • This food truck is more than meets the eye. (Los Angeles Times)
  • A Russian Startup Is Selling Robot Clones of Real People (Futurism)
  • CBD-Dispensing Robots Show Up At 7-Eleven Stores (Forbes)
  • Tiny ‘paper bird’ robot can perform operations inside the human body (Independent)


Come back next week for more of the latest robotics news! Until then, please enjoy...

Five vids for Friday

1.  Researchers at SEAS and the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering have developed the world's first microrobot powered by soft actuators to achieve controlled flight.  Dubbed 'RoboBee,' the bot is powered by soft artificial muscles that can crash into floors, walls and other RoboBees without being damaged. 


2.  Thinking of incorporating AI into your business? The Open Roboethics Institute is launching 'Foresight into AI Ethics,' a guide for AI roadmaps that "offers a systematic way for you to identify the main stakeholders involved in the technology, consider potential ethical challenges, and ultimately design intelligent systems that are not only meant to do good, but are designed and implemented to have the best interest of users and society in mind."  (Sign up for a copy of the Toolkit here.) 


3.  One of the many attractions at IROS 2019 this week was a Harvard-built, bio-inspired bot that “incorporates anatomical features unique to sea urchins.”  The 'UrchinBot' can be actuated by pneumatics or hydraulics and operates without a tether. (H/T IEEE Spectrum


4.   Microsoft technology is helping engineers build smarter wind turbines, improve automated baggage handling at airports, and test drones in simulated environments. 

 

5.  MIT engineers have developed a plant-inspired robot that's flexible enough to twist and turn yet rigid enough to support heavy loads or apply torque.  When its task is complete, the bot retracts the appendage and can extend it again --at a different length and shape-- to suit the next task.  (H/T Alphagalileo)

 

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Emmet Cole
Written by Emmet Cole
A freelance robotics writer since 2006, Emmet is an Economist contributor, and a regular contributor to Robotics Business Review and Robotics Trends. His writing on robots has also appeared in Wired, BBC Future, BBC Focus magazine, Space Quarterly, and numerous other outlets.
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