Hi! In this week's news, Hahn Automation opens its 1st U.S. facility, India sees record robot sales and a new tool scans for hackable industrial robots. We also meet a shape-shifting medical microbot, marvel at a Norwegian humanoid and find out why usually well-behaved robotics researchers have been kicking ANYmal around...
Cobots & Manufacturing
Alias Robotics, a Spanish cybersecurity firm focused on robotics, released the code for 'aztarna' a software tool that's able to identify internet-connected 'hackable robots' powered by ROS, SROS and other technologies.
[...] a first scan using aztarna revealed close to 9000 insecure industrial routers potentially hosting more connected vulnerable robots. [...] 1586 of those insecure routers were in Europe, with France and Spain leading the ranking of misconfigured devices at 63% and 54% respectively. North American countries such as the US and Canada also showed a large proportion of misconfigured industrial routers.
Meanwhile, The Wall Street Journal noted that while 5G promises to bring many benefits to manufacturers including real-time systems analysis, it could also make industrial robots "a lot more vulnerable" to hacking.
- Read more: Five Cybersecurity Risks That Can Affect Your Collaborative Robots
- Read more: Answer These Five Cyber-Questions To Make Your Collaborative Robot Even Safer
Hahn Automation Group (HAG) --the German firm that recently purchased Sawyer cobot technology from Rethink Robotics-- has officially begun manufacturing at its new factory in Windsor, Connecticut, U.S.A. HAG owns three robot companies for plastics processing – Waldorf Technik, Wemo and GeKu. The new facility will manufacture GeKu and Waldorf Technik products and act as a distribution center for Wemo, according to a report in Canadian Plastics.
T&W Stamping in Ohio automated tending of resistive welders using a UR5 cobot from Universal Robots. The cobot paid for itself in less than four months, delivered a 40% increase in efficiency and freed up three human operators to work on other tasks...
Sales of industrial robots in India reached a new record of 3,412 new units installed in 2017, according to new figures from the International Federation of Robotics --an increase of 30 percent compared to 2016. The country saw a compound annual sales growth rate of 18% between 2012-17. The auto sector accounts for 62% of the total supply. (H/T AssemblyMag)
Bots Automation released video of a Universal Robots cobot that they set up to handle camera equipment...
Production of industrial robots in China fell by 12.1 per cent in December from a year earlier after a drop of 7.0 per cent in November, according to data published by China's National Bureau of Statistics this week. (H/T South China Morning Post)
China --and other East Asian nations-- understand the need to "modernize or perish," according to a fascinating piece in Asian Robotics Review, but modernization means different things in different places:
China needs to step up robot-driven automation, and move low-value manufacturing out, hopefully somewhere nearby to maintain complex supply chains and control. Low-value manufacturing can be moved out of China relatively easily. It’s already being shifted to nearby countries such as Vietnam, Thailand and Indonesia.
New video shows cobots at Airbus being tested to see whether they can handle helicopter test flight management tasks...
Governments, employers and unions need to adapt to revolutionary changes in the world of work, according to a new report from a commission set up by the International Labour Organization. Via Reuters:
[...] one of the questions raised most often about the future of work is: “Will my job be lost to a robot?” but the commission preferred not to take a binary view of technology in which “it’s us or them”.
In other manufacturing & cobot news...
- How cutting-edge robotics technology can be advantageous to manufacturing (Wire 19)
- SPEL Pakistan installs robotic system (The News)
- Report: Innovative new robotics at PACK EXPO (Packaging World)
- The robot evolution (European Cleaning Journal)
- Five trends in 2019 and beyond (Associated Press)
It's often observed that robots are particularly suited to tasks that are dull, dirty and dangerous (the famous 'Three Ds'), but it's not every day that a robot manages to simultaneously help out with all three.
One such bot can be found in the storm drains of Mumbai, India however, where city officials have turned to automation to help remove silt from a stretch of drain that's inaccessible to human workers. During its mission, the bot discovered a broken pipeline, an illegal sewage connection, crossing cables, and other issues.
Via The Times of India:
The robot, fitted with a camera, uses a suction system in the drain after negotiating minor hurdles. An operator examines visuals on his computer screen and accordingly directs the robot to apply water pressure to clean the silt.
Designers working on humanoid bots should study body language and anatomy "in collaboration with choreographers and dancers, whose qualitative and embodied expertise is a wealth of overlooked knowledge," according to Amy LaViers, director of the Robotics, Automation and Dance Lab at the University of Illinois.
Credit: Ian Gavan/Getty
In a thought-provoking long read published in Nature, LaViers argues that humanoid robots' use of body language would be more effective if robot designers took their lead from outside disciplines, including animation and social psychology:
Whereas the Atlas robot has 28 coupled moving parts, animators use tens of thousands of parameters to simulate how people breathe. We respond differently to an outstretched hand depending on whether it has tensed or soft forearm muscles. And meeting someone who is holding their breath is less welcoming than being greeted with an exhale.
Amazon unveiled a 6-wheel delivery bot dubbed 'Scout' this week. Six of the bots have already begun testing in Snohomish County, Washington, U.S.A., during weekday daylight hours.
With news this week that rival delivery bots are also arriving at George Mason University (Starship Technologies) and the University of the Pacific (PepsiCo & Robby Technologies), a question posed by Forbes this week seems particularly timely: 'Is 2019 The Year That Robot Delivery Takes Over The Retail World?'
Meanwhile, in other news:
- Robots Are People Too… Maybe (The Regulatory Review)
- When Robot Met Poe: Curious case of chess-playing machine (The State)
- New 3D nanoprinting strategy opens door to revolution in medicine, robotics (EurekAlert!)
- AI Detection Could Help Find Vulnerabilities in Connected Cars (R&D)
- Devastating: 5 major train crashes this year. Could autonomy help? (ZDNet)
Hope you can join next week for more of the latest robotics news! Until then, please enjoy...
Five vids for Friday
1. Scientists at EPFL and ETH Zurich have created tiny, bacteria-inspired bots that can change shape depending on their surroundings enabling the devices to reach hard-to-access areas of the human body. If further tests are successful, the bots could be used for targeted drug delivery. (H/T Inverse)
2. Norway's Halodi Robotics released video showcasing its newly launched EVEr3 humanoid bot. The firm's long term target is the creation of "an affordable, safe and capable home robot."
3. Robot builders use a combination of strategies to help 4-legged bots pick themselves up after a fall. Fancy simulation software, for example, enables rapid testing of different scenarios and (when combined with a neural network) also enables the creation of smart algorithms to deal with the challenge. But simulation software is not an effective substitute for real-world conditions, so from time to time even the best-behaved robotics researchers have to kick robots around. For science. (H/T MSN)
5. Researchers at Sweden's Luleå University of Technology released video of the 'Vortex' inspection robot in action. Built as part of the EU-funded CompInnova project, Vortex is designed for airplane inspection and repair.