Select Topics

Posts by Tag

See all

Latest Blog Post

What Are The Differences Between Ethernet and Ethernet/IP ?

Samuel Bouchard
by Samuel Bouchard. Last updated on May 05, 2016 4:26 PM
Posted on Aug 17, 2014 11:43 AM. 2 min read time

The following article is written to clarify the confusion between Ethernet and Ethernet/IP. First, if you do not know what the link, network and application layers of the OSI model are, I suggest you read our earlier blogposts on communication protocol structure and on industrial protocols used in robotics.

RJ 45 resized 600

Ethernet :

Largely known for it's use in various LAN networking and its use for Internet applications, Ethernet is the link layer standardized by the 802.3 IEEE standard and used with many protocols. It includes a common physical interface composed of hubs, switches, routers, Ethernet cables (RJ-45) and Ethernet network cards (PCI). Standard Ethernet communications have a speed of 10, 100 or 1000 Mbit/s. Ethernet on optic fiber cabling is also available and offers greater speed & distance.


Ethernet IP resized 600

Ethernet/IP stands for Ethernet Industrial Protocol and is an application layer protocol. This communication protocol is designed for use in industrial environments for automation and process control. It is one of the existing Industrial Ethernet (IE) protocols. These protocols use the standard Ethernet link layer (i.e. cabling) and Internet Protocol (networking layer) coupled with a proprietary application layer protocol. 

In summary, Ethernet is the physical networking (link layer) protocol, while Ethernet/IP is an industrial communication protocol (application layer). The Industrial Ethernet family includes (amongst many): Ethernet/IP, EtherCat and Modbus TCP protocols. The Industrial Ethernet family uses the Ethernet link layer and cabling and networking components are often designed to sustain vibration, heat, dust, oil, electro-magnetic noise and other industrial conditions. 

 Industrial Communication Protocol Cheat Sheet Get it here

Leave a comment

Samuel Bouchard
Written by Samuel Bouchard
Samuel is CEO and co-founder of Robotiq. His mission is to free human hands from repetitive tasks. He is also the author of Lean Robotics: A Guide to Making Robots Work in Your Factory. He lives in Québec City with his wife and four children.
Connect with the writer:

Related posts

What is the difference between Ethernet/IP and TCP/IP?

When it comes to the industrial protocols that we support here at Robotiq, one of the most frequent questions that gets asked...

Nicolas Lauzier
By Nicolas Lauzier - February 21, 2020
Top 7 Robotic Applications in Food Packaging

Cakes, creams, lettuce and milk. Robots can package them all! Here are seven great robotic food packaging applications.


Alex Owen-Hill
By Alex Owen-Hill - August 16, 2017
What's New in Robotics This Week - Apr 21

Industrial & cobot roundup, meet the cheetah bot, drone brief (land & air), a good time to mention ISO/TS 15066, and much more. 

Emmet Cole
By Emmet Cole - April 21, 2017