7 Things You Need to Know About Mass Customization with Robots
Mass customization is the new norm in manufacturing. Robots are a key tool in the era of personalization… and here are 7 things you need to know.
In the past, mass production was the baseline for manufacturing. Since Ford built its first huge production line to make its first Model-T car, the path to becoming a better manufacturing business meant reducing production costs by increasing production volume.
Not any more.
The new norm in manufacturing is increasingly becoming "mass customization." In a way, this is the opposite of traditional mass production as each product is made to order to match the exact requests of the customer. Although mass production still has its place, even large-scale manufacturers are looking to personalize some of their mass-market products.
Investopedia defines "mass customization" as:
"A marketing and manufacturing technique which combines the flexibility and personalization of custom-made products with the low unit costs associated with mass production aka made-to-order or built-to-order."
Robots are a key tool for making mass customization possible.
Here are 7 things you need to know about mass customization with robots
Sennheiser USA customized its 2F-140 Gripper Fingertips to pick 115 different types of PCBs
1. Mass customization is nothing new
Way back in January 2011, Samuel Bouchard (Robotiq's CEO) wrote a post here on the blog where he presented 5 top benefits of mass customization.
These benefits were:
- More "bang for your buck" (i.e. better return on your investment).
- Better use of your know-how whilst making it harder for competitors to copy your product.
- Increased demand for your product.
- More reasons for customers to buy from you, as your products are customized for especially for them.
- Products are the exact physical dimensions needed by the customer.
Although the post was published 9 years ago, mass customization was already looking like a winning strategy. In fact, it was already looking like a good strategy 14 years before that in January 1997 when the Harvard Business Review published an article about it.
Mass customization is nothing new.
However, it has taken quite a long time for some manufacturers to catch up with this trend. Now, the era of mass customization has really arrived. According to a Deloitte report from 2019, many consumers now expect customization and are willing to pay for it.
2. Mass customization doesn't mean low-efficiency
Robots have long been used to improve efficiency in manufacturing but only in the context of mass production. People often (mistakenly) believe that customization reduces production efficiency but nothing could be further from the truth.
As Silicon Valley pioneer David Gardner explained in an article for the Fast Company:
"I define mass customization as the ability to produce a single, customized product with the same efficiency as a mass-produced product."
Modern robots can certainly be used to improve efficiencies in a high-mix, low-volume environment where there is a high level of customization. We see people achieving this all the time.
3. Modular robotic cells are the new assembly lines
Of course, the new strategy of mass customization requires us to make changes to our production processes. As company SAP explains, this change involves moving away from the assembly line format of mass production to smaller, modular production cells.
Robots are a core technology which are enabling these modular cells, but the cells don't need to be fully automated. Collaborative robots allow you to mix manual processes with automated ones in a way that was never possible with the more traditional "caged" industrial robots.
4. Connectivity and data are the path to personalization
While mass customization involves some technological changes (e.g. adding robots or other machines), the whole movement is focused around a far more human change.
As Forbes explained in their 2019 guide The Path to Personalization:
"The most important question is: How connected are you with your customer — and how connected do they feel with you?"
Connection is the key to customization. And that means using data.
Consumers are happy to give up their data to companies in return for more personalized products. Successful mass customization also requires manufacturers to use our own data to improve the production, e.g. by using robot monitoring software.
5. Copy-paste is the key to success
One of the reasons that modular production cells are so effective is that (if they are well-designed) the entire cell design can be easily replicated to increase the production of the overall manufacturing process.
This "copy-paste" approach to automation is also one of the best ways to get started with collaborative robots, as our experts discussed during the Cobot Stories Panel at the Robotiq User Conference 2019. By copying your robot setup to a new production cell, you get it up and running much quicker and reduce the challenges that come when designing and integrating an entirely new robot cell.
6. Customization drives sales
If you don't already incorporate customization into your manufacturing, you might be wondering if it is really going to be beneficial. Before you make any change to your business, you want to make sure that it is going to be worth it.
Until fairly recently, customization has been a good idea in theory but hard to implement in practice. In the words of a McKinsey report from 2013:
"Mass customization has been driven primarily by sales and marketing teams that understand the demand for customized products but can't enable profitable customization on their own."
Since that report was written, the technologies (including robotics) have improved in both their capabilities and ease-of-use.
Now, as the recent Forbes guide explained, for many businesses customization has been proven to drive sales:
"Two in five executives surveyed, 40%, report that their customer personalization efforts have had a direct impact on maximizing sales."
7. It's all about the human touch
Although we talk about the technologies of robotics and automation, the real benefit and driver towards customization is the human connection.
In the distant past, back in the days of master craftsmen and artisans, most products were customized and made-to-order. It seems likely that this recent resurgence of customization is only natural. Consumers are increasingly responding to companies on a more personal level and they appreciate products which are made by real people.
Even when we are using robots to enable mass customization, it's all about the human touch.