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Worried a Finishing Robot Will Steal Your Job?

Alex Owen-Hill
by Alex Owen-Hill. Last updated on Jan 23, 2020 12:02 PM
Posted on Jan 23, 2020 11:02 AM. 5 min read time

Finishing jobs like sanding and polishing are moving more and more towards automation. Should you be worried that your job will be stolen by a robot?

A couple of years ago, I made my own set of polished concrete workshops for my kitchen at home. It was a long process which took 3 weeks in total.

One night, at midnight, I was out in the garden with the worktops. I had to finish them so we could fit them the next day. I slowly moved the orbital sander back and forward across the surface of the concrete… again and again and again… each time using gradually finer polishing pads. It took ages!

If I could have given that job to a robot and taken a rest, I would have.

Finishing tasks can often be back-breakingly boring, can't they? Even so, I'm sure you'd rather do the sanding or polishing yourself than have your job stolen by a robot.

The question is… does it make sense to be worried about losing your job to a robot?

Many people are concerned that the arrival of a robot means that their days are numbered. Are they right to be worried?…

Are finishing jobs at risk?

The short answer is: no, finishing jobs don't seem to be at risk.

As we demonstrate below, it's highly unlikely that your finishing job will be replaced entirely by a robot. A finishing robot is really just a tool, it's not someone competing for your job.

However, there's another reason that finishing jobs are probably safe from automation — finishing is an in-demand job.

Finishing is one of those jobs that remain in high demand across various industries. For example, a 2015 study of the furniture industry listed polishing amongst the jobs which is experiencing a skills shortage. The same was shown in a 2013 report about skills shortages in the aerospace and automotive industries.

With such a skills shortage, anyone who has knowledge of finishing is going to be valuable to businesses. Your finishing job is probably safe.

Why a finishing robot could steal a task but not your job

We sometimes think of finishing as only involving sanding or polishing a surface. However, in reality, the sanding or polishing process is only a tiny part of the job.

Robot finishing can be used for the "hands-on" process, but it can't be used for all the other tasks that finishing professionals need to do.

10 finishing tasks a robot can't do

Let's take a look at some tasks involved in finishing jobs, taken from real job descriptions in the fields of granite worktop production, automotive polishing, and metal finishing:

  • Knowledge of different materials
  • Picking the right abrasive media and sanding strategy for the material
  • Working from technical drawings
  • Performing quality checks
  • Communicating and working with the rest of the fabrication team
  • Preparing the material surface for polishing
  • Knowledge of Standard Operating Procedures
  • Managing and scheduling workload
  • Removing and handling unusual marks and dents
  • Identifying and carrying out continuous improvement activities
  • … oh yeah, and then there's the polishing task itself

Only one of these is the task that will actually be done by the robot — the polishing itself. All of the other tasks rely heavily on skills that only humans have.

When you start to look at the job in this way, it should be clear that getting a finishing robot to do the "dull, dirty, and dangerous" task is actually a great benefit. There are so many other tasks to do!

4 positive job impacts on using a finishing robot

When a robot comes takes over the "hands-on" finishing task from your job, it usually has more positive effects on the job than negative ones. This is exactly what happened for finishing workers in glass manufacturer Saint-Gobain when they added a UR robot to perform the final finishing step for glass panels.

1. More satisfying

The workers at Saint-Gobain were able to remove the most grueling aspect of their job. As Saint-Gobain's technician Christophe Legeay explained "We assigned the robot to the hardest part of the polishing process. During this time, the operator can focus on a second task." These other tasks are often more intellectually-stimulating and therefore increase job satisfaction.

2. Less strain

There is also a risk of potential physical strain when using powered finishing tools. Legeay explained, "this task allowed operators to no longer have vibrations in their shoulders or perform repetitive movements." Such motions can eventually lead to musculoskeletal disorders.

3. More productive

Adding automation also allows us to become more productive in our jobs, meaning that we can achieve more. Legeay also saw this at Saint-Gobain, saying "The capacity increased significantly. We achieved a ROI in less than a year, which is pretty fast. We're able to produce the same amount of work in two 8-hour shifts instead of three, before the robot arrived."

4. Better career prospects

Robot programming is a skill that is not going to go away — it will only become more relevant as robots continue to enter the workplace. You can improve your long-term career prospects by getting involved with robot programming and adding it to the rest of your skills as a finishing expert.

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5 Tips for getting the most from a robot workmate

Here's are some tips on how you can get the most from a new robot worker, to make sure that your job is safe:

  1. Learn to use the robot — This increases your skills and ensures that your skillset remains relevant.
  2. Get involved with design — Rather than resisting the introduction of a robot, get involved and make yourself an asset.
  3. Use metrics — Measure the performance of the robot using metrics. This allows you to show how well the robot is performing and be proactive to make any necessary corrections.
  4. Continuously improve — As an active user of the robot, you can make yourself indispensable by striving to continuously improve the robot cell.
  5. Keep up-to-date — Become the go-to person for new robotics knowledge. You can do this by keeping up to date with this blog and learning new skills in the Robotiq eLearning center.

A finishing robot is not going to steal your job. In fact, if you approach the deployment correctly, it could improve your job!

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What concerns do you have about adding a finishing robot? Tell us in the comments below or join the discussion on LinkedIn, Twitter, Facebook or the DoF professional robotics community.

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Alex Owen-Hill
Written by Alex Owen-Hill
Alex Owen-Hill is a freelance writer and public speaker who blogs about a large range of topics, including science, presentation skills at, storytelling and (of course) robotics. He completed a PhD in Telerobotics from Universidad Politecnica de Madrid as part of the PURESAFE project, in collaboration with CERN. As a recovering academic, he maintains a firm foot in the robotics world by blogging about industrial robotics.
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